Distances organized by target galaxy

This page provides information on distances (in kpc, Mpc, and a distance modulus) measured by the Araucaria Project, organised by the target. For distances organised by a method click here.

Choose from the targets below:

LMCSMCSculptorCarina ∙ Fornax ∙ NGC 6822IC1613M33WLMNGC 3109NGC 55NGC 300NGC 247NGC 7793M81

LMC

Distance (kpc) Distance Modulus (mag) Method Reference
49.59 ± 0.09(stat) ± 0.54(syst) 18.477 ± 0.004(stat) ± 0.026(syst) eclipsing binaries
(20 systems + new SBCR)
2019, Nature, 567, 200
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49.97 ± 0.19(stat) ± 1.11(syst) 18.493 ± 0.008(stat) ± 0.047(syst) eclipsing binaries
(8 systems)
2013, Nature, 495, 76
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49.4 ± 0.5 18.47 ± 0.02 red clump 2012, MNRAS, 419, 1637
50.1 ± 1.4 18.50 ± 0.06 eclipsing binaries 2009, ApJ, 697, 862
52.0 ± 0.7(stat) ± 2.6(syst) 18.58 ± 0.03(stat) ± 0.11(syst) RR Lyrae stars 2008, AJ, 136, 272
51.5 ± 0.9 18.56 ± 0.04 Cepheids 2005, ApJ, 627, 224
50.1 ± 0.2(stat) 18.498 ± 0.007(stat) red clump 2003, AJ, 125, 2494
49.82 ± 0.18(stat) ± 1.03(syst) 18.487 ± 0.008(stat) ± 0.045(syst) red clump 2002, AJ, 124, 2633

SMC

Distance (kpc) Distance Modulus (mag) Method Reference
18.988 ± 0.012 (stat) ± 0.050(syst) JAGB 2021, ApJ, 916, 19
62.44 ± 0.47 (stat) ± 0.81 (syst) 18.977 ± 0.016 (stat) ± 0.028(syst) eclipsing binaries 2020, ApJ, 904, 13
62.1 ± 1.9 18.965 ± 0.025(stat) ± 0.048(syst) eclipsing binaries 2014, ApJ, 780, 59
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58.3 ± 0.5(stat) ± 1.3(syst) 18.83 ± 0.02(stat) ± 0.05(syst) eclipsing binaries 2012, ApJ, 750, 144
58.9 ± 1.9(stat) ± 1.9(syst) 18.85 ± 0.07(stat) ± 0.07(syst) type II Cepheids 2010, AcA, 60, 233
62.2 ± 0.9(stat) ± 3.4(syst) 18.97 ± 0.03(stat) ± 0.12(syst) RR Lyrae stars 2009, AJ, 138, 1661
62.1 ± 0.5(stat) 18.967 ± 0.018(stat) red clump 2003, AJ, 125, 2494

Sculptor Dwarf Galaxy

Distance (kpc) Distance modulus (mag) Reference Method
87.9 ± 3.2(stat) ± 4(syst) 19.72 ± 0.08(stat) ± 0.1(syst) tip of the red giant branch 2011, AJ, 141, 194
85.9 ± 0.8(stat) ± 4.7(syst) 19.67 ± 0.02(stat) ± 0.12(syst) RR Lyrae stars 2008, AJ, 135, 1993

Carina Dwarf Galaxy

Distance (kpc) Distance Modulus (mag) Method Reference
105.6 ± 0.8(stat) ± 5.5(syst) 20.118 ± 0.017(stat) ± 0.110(syst) RR Lyrae stars 2015, AJ, 150, 90
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104.2 ± 1.4(stat) ± 5.8(syst) 20.09 ± 0.03(stat) ± 0.12(syst) tip of the red giant branch 2009, AJ, 138, 459
107.9 ± 0.7(stat) 20.165 ± 0.015(stat) red clump 2003, AJ, 125, 2494

Fornax Dwarf Galaxy

Distance (kpc) Distance Modulus (mag) Method Reference
145.7 ± 1.1(stat)± 8.0(syst) 20.818 ± 0.015(stat)± 0.116(syst) RR Lyrae stars 2017, AJ, 154, 263
147.2 ± 2.0(stat) ± 8.1(syst) 20.84 ± 0.03(stat) ± 0.12(syst) tip of the red giant branch 2009, AJ, 138, 459
148.5 ± 0.9(stat) 20.858 ± 0.013(stat) red clump 2003, AJ, 125, 2494

IC 1613

Distance (Mpc) Distance modulus (mag) Method Reference
0.74 ± 0.03(stat) ± 0.03(syst) 24.36 ± 0.08(stat) ± 0.09(syst) tip of the red giant branch 2011, AJ, 141, 194
0.72 ± 0.012(stat) 24.291 ± 0.035(stat) Cepheids 2006, ApJ, 642, 216

NGC 6822

Distance (Mpc) Distance modulus (mag) Method Reference
23.243 ± 0.037 (stat) ± 0.050(syst) JAGB 2021, ApJ, 916, 19
0.46 ± 0.01(stat) ± 0.02(syst) 23.31 ± 0.05(stat) ± 0.1(syst) tip of the red giant branch 2011, AJ, 141, 194
0.46 ± 0.004(stat) 23.312 ± 0.021(stat) Cepheids 2006, ApJ, 647, 1056
0.47 ± 0.009(stat) ± 0.011(syst) 23.34 ± 0.04(stat) ± 0.05(syst) Cepheids 2004, AJ, 128, 2815

M33

Distance (Mpc) Distance modulus (mag) Method Reference
24.568 ± 0.064 (stat) ± 0.050(syst) JAGB 2021, ApJ, 916, 19
0.84 ± 0.03 24.62 ± 0.07 Cepheids 2013, ApJ, 773, 69
0.97 ± 0.05 24.93 ± 0.11 blue supergiants 2009, ApJ, 704, 1120

WLM

Distance (Mpc) Distance modulus (mag) Method Reference
24.954 ± 0.080 (stat) ± 0.050(syst) JAGB 2021, ApJ, 916, 19
1.07 ± 0.04(stat) ± 0.06(syst) 25.14 ± 0.09(stat) ± 0.12(syst) tip of the red giant branch 2011, AJ, 141, 194
0.995 ± 0.046 24.99 ± 0.1 blue supergiants 2008, ApJ, 684, 118
0.97 ± 0.019(stat) 24.924 ± 0.042(stat) Cepheids 2008, ApJ, 683, 611
1.07 ± 0.01(stat) ± 0.03(syst) 25.144 ± 0.03(stat) ± 0.07(syst) Cepheids 2007, AJ, 134, 594

NGC 3109

Distance (Mpc) Distance modulus (mag) Method Reference
25.517 ± 0.046 (stat) ± 0.050(syst) JAGB 2021, ApJ, 916, 19
1.29 ± 0.05 25.55 ± 0.09 blue supergiants 2014, ApJ, 785, 151
1.25 ± 0.03(stat) ± 0.05(syst) 25.49 ± 0.05(stat) ± 0.09(syst) tip of the red giant branch 2011, AJ, 141, 194
1.3 ± 0.02 25.571 ± 0.024 Cepheids 2006, ApJ, 648, 375
1.28 ± 0.018 25.54 ± 0.03 Cepheids 2006, ApJ, 648, 366

NGC 55

Distance (Mpc) Distance modulus (mag) Method Reference
26.357 ± 0.019 (stat) ± 0.050(syst) JAGB 2021, ApJ, 916, 19
1.94 ± 0.03(stat) 26.434 ± 0.037(stat) Cepheids 2008, ApJ, 672, 266
1.91 ± 0.044(stat) ± 0.079(syst) 26.40 ± 0.05(stat) ± 0.09(syst) Cepheids 2006, AJ, 132, 2556

NGC 300

Distance (Mpc) Distance modulus (mag) Method Reference
26.469 ± 0.063 (stat) ± 0.050(syst) JAGB 2021, ApJ, 916, 19
1.87 ± 0.017(stat) ± 0.103(syst) 26.36 ± 0.02(stat) ± 0.12(syst) tip of the red giant branch 2006, ApJ, 638, 766
1.88 ± 0.04(stat) ± 0.03(syst) 26.37 ± 0.05(stat) ± 0.03(syst) Cepheids 2005, ApJ, 628, 695
1.93 ± 0.04(stat) ± 0.04(syst) 26.43 ± 0.04(stat) ± 0.05(syst) Cepheids 2004, AJ, 128, 1167

NGC 247

Distance (Mpc) Distance modulus (mag) Method Reference
27.406 ± 0.023 (stat) ± 0.050(syst) JAGB 2021, ApJ, 916, 19
3.38 ± 0.06 27.644 ± 0.036 Cepheids 2009, ApJ, 700, 1141
3.63 ± 0.15(stat) ± 0.15(syst) 27.80 ± 0.09(stat) ± 0.09(syst) Cepheids 2008, AJ, 136, 1770

NGC 7793

Distance (Mpc) Distance modulus (mag) Method Reference
27.701 ± 0.027 (stat) ± 0.050(syst) JAGB 2021, ApJ, 916, 19
3.44 ± 0.08(stat) ± 0.13(syst) 27.68 ± 0.05(stat) ± 0.08(syst) Cepheids 2010, AJ, 140, 1475
3.40 ± 0.17 27.66 ± 0.04(stat) ± 0.07(syst) Cepheids 2017, ApJ, 847, 88

M81

Distance (Mpc) Distance modulus (mag) Method Reference
3.5 ± 0.2  27.7 ± 0.1 blue supergiants 2012, ApJ, 747, 15